Frequently Asked Question

Glossary
Last Updated a year ago

This glossary will continually update based on the terms we are asked about the most. So this is not an exhuastive list.

2K
2K is a resolution type. 2K is a simpler way of saying that your resolution has around or at least 2000 pixels horizontally. Typically more pixels = higher quality.

4K
4K is a resolution type. 4K is a simpler way of saying that your resolution has around or at least 4000 pixels horizontally. Typically more pixels = higher quality.

Anti-Virus
This is the software that you use to protect your computer from malware.

ATX
Advanced Technology eXtended - this is a standardised regulation for motherboard, power supply and case form factors (or sizes). All general power supplies and motherboards are ATX standardised, similar to having all parts made to metric or imperial standards.

BIOS
Basic Input Output System. This is firmware that is embedded onto your motherboard, this manages the basic operation of your hardware and plays it's part before your operating system has even loaded. It is in the BIOS where you may apply overclocking, or configure hardware settings, but most users never need to touch it.

Bit
Smallest form of data measurement, also going into Kilo, Mega, Giga, Terra.

Byte
A form of data measurement. 1 Byte is equal to 8 Bits. 1000 Bytes is equal to 1KB.

Cache
This is a small allotment of memory that stores basic data such as website information or software information that allows quick and rapid access without having to load all of the data again. This (on most applications) should be cleared regularly - such as on your web browser.

Driver
A driver is the piece of software that allows your hardware to communicate and interact with your operating system. Drivers are what tell the operating system what the hardware is, what it does, and how it is used. Without a driver, the hardware cannot be recognised. This is why a first port of call in hardware problems, is identifying if the driver is installed and up to date.

Encryption
This is a form of data protection, when you send any form of data or connect to the internet and browse websites, and information you input is sent as data packets, encryption is where you scramble or code this data, so that only the recipient can read them.

Firewall
This is typically built into your antivirus program, and acts as a blockade to accessing dangerous websites or data, or malware from accessing your computer. It is in effect a gateway, which controls what comes in or goes out of your PC.

Firmware
These are essentially a type of software, but more deeply rooted into your hardware. This type of software is built into your hardware to allow them to operate, and if they are removed, could stop the hardware from working, an example of this, is the BIOS. Most users never need to manually mess with firmware.

GB (Gigabyte)
A form of data measurement. 1 GB is equal to 1000MB. 1000GB is equal to 1TB.

Graphics Card
This is the components that processes and supplies the image you see on your monitor. The CPU tells the GPU what to create, and the GPU creates it into the visuals you see. There are graphics cards for various purposes, and some are even embedded onto the CPU itself - these are called integrated graphics. Where a whole new graphics card is bought seperately (such as for gaming or advanced editing), these are called dedicated graphics.

Hard Drive
Or Hard Disk Drive - this is the most common form of storage. This is your standard mechanical storage drive. In modern day computers, this is still very widely used, but an SSD is usually chosen instead (or as a primary drive) for those with higher end PCs.

Hardware
Hardware is the physical component inside your PC, such as your processor, your hard drive, your PSU etc. These are visible and physical items that serve a purpose for your PC.

KB (Kilobyte)
A form of data measurement. 1 KB is equal to 1 Byte. 1000KB is equal to 1 MB.

Malware
Viruses and malware are not technically the same, all viruses are forms of malware, but not all malware are viruses, got it? Malware is short for Malicious Software, and is pretty self explanatory, it is software, that can cause harm to your computer. Malware can consist of; Viruses, Adware, Spyware, Worms, Randomware etc.

MB (Megabyte)
A form of data measurement. 1 MB is equal to 1000KB. 1000MB is equal to 1GB.
Motherboard This the central circuitboard that connects all of your components together, it allows each component to communicate with one another and distributes power from the power supply.

Operating System
Your operating system is the program/software that "operates" your PC. In effect, your components need a program to communicate with, this is your OS. Windows, Linux, MacOS, Android etc. are all forms of operating systems.

Overclocking
This is where you take your hardware outside of manufacturers specification. For example you can overclock your processor, this means you can give the processor more power, in order to achieve higher speeds than it is originally manufactured to achieve. It is important to note that not all hardware can be overclocked.

Power Supply
Power Supply Unit, otherwise known as your PSU. This is the most safety critical feature of a PC and is literally what supplies power to your system.

CPU (Central Processing Unit)
Otherwise known as your processor. This is the component that performs all of the calculations and gives orders to the rest of your PC.

RAM (Random Access Memory)
Otherwise just known as memory, memory is not the same as storage. RAM acts as a rapid link between your storage drive and your CPU, storage is naturally slow, so RAM is used due to it's high speed to prep data from your storage drive, ready for your CPU to use. RAM is volatile, meaning that it loses all data that is on it when power is lost.

Resolution
A ratio of how many pixels you have horizontally to vertically on your monitor, so a resolution of 1980 x 1080 means you have 1980 pixels horizontally, and 1080 vertically. Times the 2 together and you have how many pixels you have in total.

Software
Software are programs or appications that are effectively, nothing more than coding. They are an "invisible" set of codes or actions that occur on your operating system. Any program, is known as software.

Solid State Solid State Drive
A newer form of storage drive that works with flash memory, and is significantly faster than HDD, which is why it also costs more. This is common In most higher end computers nowadays.

Solid State Hybrid Drive (SSHD)
A combination of SSD and HDD, this is a more cost effective way of having boot up speed as if you have an SSD, but then the high storage quantity for a low cost like a HDD. Typically these have a very small amount of SSD space, and the rest is HDD space.

TB (Terabyte)
A form of data measurement. 1 TB is equal to 1000GB.

VPN (Virtual Private Network)
A VPN is a program that acts as a secure pathway for your data to be transmitted over the internet. This is in many ways, linked to encryption of your data, but it is ensuring your data on the internet cannot be read by others, or to allow you to access specific remote servers for work, in a secure manner.

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